April 5, 2017
is real money; however, in today's financial system it is traded as a paper derivative.
One day, we believe that gold will reclaim its throne at or near the center of
the world monetary system. Until that time, our strategy is to remain long
precious metals in a nimble way, looking for any clues that the market may
provide for near-term price direction.
Most precious metals investors know that gold and silver mining
shares represent a leveraged play on the price of gold and silver. The indices that track the large gold miners,
the HUI and GDX, have had a “beta” to gold of about 3:1. The GDX is an ETF that owns shares in a
basket of gold and silver miners. If an
investor would like even more gold leverage, then they can choose to invest in NUGT,
which is an ETF that is designed to provide 3:1 daily returns in relation to
GDX (and therefore roughly 9:1 to gold).
The NUGT and its junior mining brother JNUG are triple leveraged
financial derivatives of other financial derivatives. What could possibly go
March 15th, 2017, was a big day for the two most
popular triple leveraged gold mining funds.
NUGT closed 22% higher and JNUG closed 33% higher. One can see why these ETFs have many devoted
followers; the appeal of a 33% daily gain can be difficult to turn down. But don’t believe the get-rich-quick siren
song of these ETFs. Many a gold bug has
had their sentiment shipwrecked by listening to it.
The primary reason to
avoid NUGT and JNUG is the time decay inherent in any leveraged ETF. Below, we
can see how the value of NUGT (in gold) over time slips below the value of GDX
(in black), even when the value of GDX increases. One quick application is
this: it will almost always be better for an investor to purchase $3,000 of GDX
rather than $1,000 of NUGT. By doing so,
one would have the same reward potential, while assuming less risk. We may cover this in greater detail in a
We believe that most NUGT and JNUG investors understand the
issue of time decay, and choose instead to day trade these ETFs. Presumably, these investors will purchase
NUGT and JNUG when they believe that gold will rise on any given day or given
week. Perhaps some investors have done
well with this kind of market timing.
Apart from market timing, we discuss below some cautions on day trading
Day Trading NUGT
We would expect that as many as 30-35% of investors or traders
have made money trading NUGT, and some have probably made a lot of money. Some traders are skilled at day trading, and have
learned the disciplines to position size correctly, cut their losses soon, and
ride out their winners. Others may have
People make money day trading NUGT, and many blackjack players
win at the casino. That doesn’t mean that
either are a good idea from a risk-reward perspective. The odds for a good blackjack player are
about 46%. We believe that the odds at
successfully day trading NUGT is lower than this.
The House(s) Always Win
In a casino, there is only one house. In the day trading
of NUGT, there are many "houses," each of which usually gets a cut of
the action. There are dark pools, High Frequency Trading ("HFT") programs,
market makers and others, all of whom have the (perfectly legal) ability to
front-run, game and fleece the average investor.
Some market participants have alleged that discount
brokers sell stop loss-order information to dark pools and HFTs. Let's assume that allegation is true. That would be analogous to another player
seeing your hand in a poker game. As a result, the "house" can see
many hands, and they can adjust their algorithms to profit from that knowledge.
With this market order omniscience, these intermediaries "know when to
hold 'em, know when to fold 'em, know when to walk away," and most
importantly - they know when to run the stop loss orders.
Even if the dark pools and HFTs don't have the specific
stop order information, they know that stops are lurking below the 5 EMA, the
10 EMA or whatever trailing stop you use.
This creates a situation where the price of NUGT will move merely to
take out stops, sometimes beyond any reasonable price expectations and
correlations. Through this process, both volatility and trading anxiety will
Beyond the stop
running in NUGT alone, consider that these trading algorithms have the
individual mining stock stop loss orders loaded, all of GDX stop loss
information loaded, and all of DUST’s stop loss orders loaded as well. The
algorithms can then move at the speed of light to optimize profits among and
between all of these connected securities. Most likely, the algorithms will
profit the most when these securities diverge irrationally (such as when gold
rises and the price of NUGT declines, or when GDX goes down and NUGT goes up). We imagine that many day traders watch the
price of GLD and GDX while trading NUGT and say to themselves, "It isn't
supposed to move that way!"
trading" desk at almost every investment bank makes money every single
trading day. Where do you think those profits come from? In day trading of NUGT, there is too many
ways for the house to win. And most likely, died-in-the-wool gold bugs are
their favorite customers. If you called and asked, they would likely send you
free drinks each day to play.
We are long-term
bulls for precious metals. When precious metals are finally set free from their
paper chains, we will likely see giant leaps in value. The mining shares -
being leveraged to the price of gold - will see even greater jumps in value.
When that day comes, being long JNUG and NUGT might be a good thing (assuming
of course that the gold miner's derivatives market itself doesn't implode in
We imagine that
many a gold bug has had their sentiment shipwrecked by following the
get-rich-quick siren song of NUGT and JNUG.
Those of us who believe in sound money would prefer that you stay the
course and not get sidetracked. Don’t
listen to the siren song of NUGT and JNUG. If you want general gold miner
exposure with the potential upside of NUGT, it is better for you to purchase
$3,000 of GDX rather than $1,000 of NUGT.
Better yet, purchase real gold and real silver in a vault of your
Erik Lytikainen has over twenty five years of experience as a financial analyst, business developer and commodity trader. In 2006, he founded a renewable fuel business that he helped grow and expand throughout the eastern U.S. After selling the biofuel business in 2015, Erik has consulted for clients in the areas of finance, business development, and alternative investments. Erik is a believer in sound money, and looks forward to the day when precious metals are set free from their paper chains. Erik holds an an MBA from the University of Maryland and a BS in Mechanical Engineering from Virginia Tech. You can find his articles at https://seekingalpha.com/author/viking-analytics/a...
The author is not affiliated with, endorsed or sponsored by Sprott Money Ltd. The views and opinions expressed in this material are those of the author or guest speaker, are subject to change and may not necessarily reflect the opinions of Sprott Money Ltd. Sprott Money does not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, timeliness and reliability of the information or any results from its use.