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State to Limit Output as Prices Collapse

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March 19 (Reuters) - Two of the biggest oil producers in Texas are asking the state regulator to consider curtailing the amount of oil companies can pump - an attempt to stem a dramatic collapse in prices and something that has not been done since the 1970s.

U.S. shale firms this month slashed as much as 50% of planned spending as falling demand due to the coronavirus and a price war between Saudi Arabia and Russia threw the oil market into a free fall. With oil prices down 60% this year, Parsley Energy and Pioneer Natural Resources want regulators to consider setting limits on how much oil large firms can send to market.

Inaction would lead to oil prices falling to the single digits and "absolutely decimate the American oil and gas industry," said Matt Gallagher, chief executive of Parsley, adding Pioneer shared his view. "We're looking for stabilization to keep American workers employed as much as possible."

The Wall Street Journal first reported on Thursday that several unnamed companies were pushing the idea.

Pioneer Natural Resources and state regulators did not immediately respond to requests for comment.

The Texas oil and gas regulator, the Texas Railroad Commission, imposed production limits on producers in the 1930s to try to prop up prices and later was a model for the creation of OPEC.

Production limits could reduce price volatility, but by the time regulators act, "we will be in a completely different market environment," said Artem Abramov, head of shale research at Rystad Energy, adding that it would be hard to implement new rules for thousands of producers quickly and might push drilling activity from Texas into neighboring New Mexico.

Production limits would have to "be part of a comprehensive solution," Gallagher said, adding that tariffs on additional new oil barrels arriving in the United States could be one idea, or that other states might limit production. Small oil producers would be exempt, Gallagher said.

The United States could begin purchasing domestically produced crude oil for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve as soon as two weeks from now - an attempt to try to prop up the shale industry.

Saudi Arabia has chartered about half a dozen supertankers to ship up to 12 million barrels of crude to the U.S. Gulf Coast, as it escalates its fight with Russia for market share.

The coming flood of supply from Saudi Arabia and other producers could result in the largest surplus of crude in history, said global information provider IHS Markit. (Reporting by Jennifer Hiller in Houston; Editing by Daniel Wallis)

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