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COMEX Gold Delivery Update

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As we've been reporting for over a year, something radically snapped and changed at the COMEX in March of 2020. To that end, it's time for another update.

If you've followed the precious metals for any length of time, then you likely know that "delivery" on COMEX has always been a charade designed to impart legitimacy to the price discovered there through the trading of digital derivatives. For time immemorial, only a few contracts would ever "stand for delivery" on the bi-monthly schedule, and the participants in this warrant-shuffling game were almost entirely bullion banks. These banks would trade warehouse receipts back-and-forth in their shell game designed to create and maintain the illusion of physical delivery.

But like all games without rules, the participants eventually abused the game to the point of it breaking. EFP abuse soared in the period 2018-2020, and this was a sure sign that problems lurked just below the surface. We documented this extensively as it happened. Here are just a few links:

However, this confidence game eventually collapsed, and it all came crashing down in March of 2020. In order to restore credibility to the pricing scheme, the CME Group acted quickly to amend the existing COMEX gold contracts, and they even added a new one that—as laughable as it sounds—was actually designed to utilize fractional ownership in London bars as a delivery process!

At the time, we noted that the CME Group had, unwittingly or not, opened "Pandora's Box" and that the COMEX would never be the same. Their solution was to convert the COMEX into a physical delivery platform in the hope that, by doing so, their exchange would continue to be the world's dominant price discovery method.

The price action in the year since proves that they've been successful in bandaging the wounds, but all they've actually done is provide a Band-Aid. The COMEX is now regularly being drained and restocked of metal at a rate heretofore unseen since precious metal futures were first created in 1975.

Remember, precious metals futures contracts were explicitly designed to draw interest away from the ownership of physical metal. Additionally, the "expectation was that large volume futures trading would create a highly volatile market" that would scare off large scale physical investment. See for yourself in this cable dated 12/10/74—three weeks before gold futures began trading on 1/1/75: https://wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/1974LONDON16154_b.html 

Craig Hemke

So, just how much have things changed in the past twelve months? See for yourself below. First of all, here's a typical, pre-March 2020 CME "Gold Stocks" report. This one is from late June of 2016. Note the limited categories of "gold" and eight depositories for the COMEX:

The CME Opens Pandora's Box - Craig Hemke (31/03/2020)

The CME Opens Pandora's Box - Craig Hemke (31/03/2020)

Now feast your eyes upon the most recent report, dated April 30, 2021. I'm reminded of the old adage: "The more complicated the set-up, the easier the cover-up."

CME chart

CME chart

CME chart

CME chart

And, finally, let's check the actual delivery reports so that you can get a sense of the magnitude of the change since March 2020. (Fortunately, I began saving year-end COMEX data since 2015 out of concern that it might all be lost in the ether someday.)

Remember, there are six months per year that serve as front and delivery months for COMEX gold. Those months are February, April, June, August, October, and December. Below are the totals by year.



Be sure to note a couple of things:

  1. The total for 2020 exceeded the previous five years of COMEX deliveries...COMBINED!
  2. The run rate thus far in 2021 projects a total this year that will match or exceed 2020.
  3. Since the near collapse in March 2020, no delivery month for COMEX gold has shown less than 30,000 contracts delivered. That's more than the ANNUAL totals for 2015, 2017, and 2018.
  4. Total COMEX gold contract open interest is today about 470,000 contracts. This is almost identical to the long-term average open interest in the period 2013-2018.
  5. The data above does not include an incredible surge in off-month or "non-delivery month" delivery volume. For example, March 2021 saw 9,711 deliveries. All five Marches in the 2015-2019 period only totalled 1,897. So March 2021 was 5X the previous five years combined!

What's my point in showing you all of this?

Again, something clearly broke in March of 2020, and the fractional reserve and digital pricing system has yet to recover. In response, the CME Group made deliberate changes to their COMEX in order to maintain the legitimacy of the price discovered there. In doing so, the entire investment world has discovered that the COMEX vaults are a place you can now turn to if you need delivery of physical metal. The delivery and daily vault stock reports prove this out.

And this will work fine...until it doesn't. The bullion banks work off of flow and not stock. Therefore, COMEX gold is subject to the same pressures and squeeze potential as COMEX silver.

Maybe next time, the hashtag should be #GoldSqueeze? Hmmm...that's not a bad idea.

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Head shot of Craig Hemke

About the Author

Our Ask The Expert interviewer Craig Hemke began his career in financial services in 1990 but retired in 2008 to focus on family and entrepreneurial opportunities.

Since 2010, he has been the editor and publisher of the TF Metals Report found at TFMetalsReport.com, an online community for precious metal investors.

*The author is not affiliated with, endorsed or sponsored by Sprott Money Ltd. The views and opinions expressed in this material are those of the author or guest speaker, are subject to change and may not necessarily reflect the opinions of Sprott Money Ltd. Sprott Money does not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, timeliness and reliability of the information or any results from its use.


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